There are many types of sewing threads. But it is sometimes tough for us what types of sewing thread we need and what they are called. So let’s have a look.
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Types of Sewing Thread- All-Purpose Thread:
All-purpose thread is usually made from cotton-wrapped polyester. Cotton gives the thread strength, and polyester gives it flexibility and stretch. The all-purpose thread can be used on many fabric types, especially blends. For heavyweight fabrics, use 40 weight threads. The cotton threads fibers have been having been mercerized to add strength, ability to take the dye, and add colorfastness.
100 Percent Polyester: Polyester thread provides strength and flexibility when sewing knits and stretchy fabrics as the thread stretches and doesn’t shrink.
It is perfect on natural fabric, fabrics with blended fibers, and synthetic fabrics. Polyester thread sews well at high speeds with less breakage.
It has more stitch volume and works well for satin stitches. It’s also more forgiving of mechanical conditions of the machine or poor adjustments. Wind the bobbin slowly-polyester thread has some stretch to it; if the thread stretches, the seams will pucker.
100 Percent Cotton: Cotton thread is made from a yarn of plant origin, such as cotton or linen. One hundred percent cotton thread is best for use on cotton and linen fabrics.
One hundred percent Mercerized Cotton: Mercerized cotton thread is treated with a caustic solution, which causes fibers to swell and increases luster and strength. Because it’s pre-shrunk, it tends not to shrink like regular cotton thread.
Silk: Silk thread is strong and has a bit of stretch; it is smooth and free of fuzzies. Silk thread blends almost invisibly into seams. It is perfect for basting as it doesn’t leave an impression on the fabric, so a huge color assortment is unnecessary for sewing silks and woolens. Silk thread also a beautiful job sewing rolled hems with a tighter edge.
Nylon: Nylon thread is heavy-duty, abrasion-resistant, and doesn’t deteriorate. It is perfect for both indoor and outdoor projects and is available in many colors. Use nylon thread for upholstery, and heavy-duty hove decorating projects. Nylon thread can melt at low iron temperatures. Choose a needle size to match the thread weight.
Fusible: Fusible thread provides a temporary bond until final stitching. It melts together when pressed with the steam iron. Use it on hard-to–sew fabrics, such as suedes, knits, and leathers. Fusible thread keeps booth fabrics in place during permanent stitching, preventing creeping.
Rayon: Rayon thread has a smooth finish, a pronounced sheen, and provides consistent, trouble-free sewing. Often used for embroidery machines, it holds up to high-speed sewing without fraying. Use it for decorative stitching and couching. Rayon thread comes in an array of colors and is generally available in 30 and 40 weights.
Metallic: Metallic thread is available from fine to heavyweight. The finer thread is used for the sewing machines, and thicker threads can be couched or used for bobbin work. Always use a metallic needle and sew at a slower speed to prevent thread breakage. There are various types of metallic threads, such as silver metallic and those made of viscose/metallics blends. It is available in a variety of textures and thicknesses from 10 weight to 50 weight. The finer 50 weight is perfect for fine monograms, filigree embroidery, and intricate stitching. Use needle size 100/16 when sewing with 20 weight, and use a 120/19 wig needle if hemstitching.
Monofilament Invisible: Monofilament thread is made of 100% transparent nylon or polyester, and is available in clear and smoke. Use in the bobbin when bobbin thread shouldn’t show or use as upper thread when couching shouldn’t detract from the underlying threads. This thread is strong with a little stretch. The most popular sizes are. 004, and .005. Use for applique, sewing crafts machine quilting, and home décor projects. Cover the spool with a spool net when machine sewing to prevent tangling.
Pearl Cotton: Pearl cotton thread can be cotton or rayon. It is available in three weights-5,8, and 12A 2-play, high sheen, Ono-divisible twisted pearl cotton thread (one strand) is used in many forms of needlework. It is often used in the bobbin area only for bobbin work or decorative stitches. When used for couching, couch over two or more threads.
Jeans: Jeans thread is heavyweight and makes a burble stitch. Use it for machine embroidery, topstitching, and general sewing of denim. Colors blue jean gold and indigo match traditional blue jean colors. Use it with a jeans/denim needle.
Ribbon Floss: Ribbon floss is a small, thin ribbon that is braided, not woven; it has great flexibility and reduced twisting. It is usually rayon, but metallic ribbon floss is also available. Use ribbon floss for bobbin work and hand embroidery. When used in the bobbin, wind it by hand or very slowly by machine.
Basting: Basting thread is a soft cotton thread that breaks easily use it for basting seams and tailor’s tacks.
Without these, you will find some different types of threads more. I hope this post will be so helpful to you. So, stay with us and enjoy your sewing.